BVD CONSULT

Assessment of a bovine viral diarrhea virus antigen capture ELISA and a microtiter virus isolation ELISA using pooled ear notch and serum samples

Abstract

Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

To reduce the cost of whole herd screening for bovine viral diarrhea virus persistently infected animals, the sensitivity and specificity of an antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (AC-ELISA) and a microtiter virus isolation ELISA using saline from ear notch samples or pooled serum was determined. Pooled saline from ear notch samples, assayed by AC-ELISA, gave a sensitivity and specificity of 98% and 94%, respectively, for pools containing 2 samples and 72% and 100%, respectively, for pools of 5. The sensitivity of pooled ear notch or serum samples for bovine viral diarrhea virus detection by microtiter virus isolation (sensitivity < 5%) or serum samples for detection by AC-ELISA (sensitivity < 15%) is too low to be used for whole herd screening. Pooling saline from ear notch samples from 2 animals tested by AC-ELISA, however, could provide a less expensive, reliable method for whole herd screening for bovine viral diarrhea virus.

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Cleveland SM, Salman MD, Van Campen H: J Vet Diagn Invest 18: 395-398, 2006.