Bovine viral diarrhea virus cytopathic and noncytopathic biotypes and type 1 and 2 genotypes in diagnostic laboratory accessions: clinical and necropsy samples from cattle


Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078, USA.

One hundred three bovine samples submitted to the Oklahoma Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (OADDL) that were positive for bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) were typed by a nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for BVDV genotypes. These BVDV samples included supernatants from virus isolation (79), serums (17), and buffy coats (7). The biotype, cytopathic (CP) or noncytopathic (NCP), was determined by cell culture virus isolation. Twenty-eight of 103 samples were submitted for herd screening for BVDV, 32 from OADDL necropsy cases, and 43 from live cattle with varied clinical conditions. Two samples contained 2 bands indicating presence of both BVDV types 1 and 2. Of the 105 BVDV samples, 26 were type 1 CP strains (24.8%), 38 were type 1 NCP strains (36.2%), 10 were type 2 CP strains (9.5%), and 31 were type 2 NCP strains (29.5%). From the 105 BVDV isolates, NCP biotypes were isolated more frequently (69, 65.7%) than CP biotypes (36, 34.3%), and type 1 genotypes were more frequently isolated (64, 61.00%) than type 2 genotypes (41, 39.0%). The NCP strains were more common than CP in herd screening samples. Cattle with respiratory disease history at time of sampling had more NCP than CP biotypes and more type 1 than type 2 genotypes. Of the necropsy cases, more were type 1 than type 2 genotypes for the respiratory cases with fibrinous pneumonia, more were type 1 than type 2 genotypes in cattle with enteritis/colitis without systemic lesions, and more were CP than NCP biotypes in cattle with enteritis/colitis with systemic lesions. No CP biotype was isolated from serum samples.


Fulton RW, Saliki JT, Confer AW, Burge LJ, et al.: J Vet Diagn Invest 12: 33-38, 2000.