BVD CONSULT

Detection of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in seropositive cattle

aDepartment of Animal Health and Preventive Medicine, Veterinary School U.N.C.P.B.A., Buenos Aires, Argentina bNational Council for Scientific and Technological Research, Argentina

Abstract

Detection of bovine virus diarrhoea virus (BVDV) in one vaccinated beef cattle and three non-vaccinated dairy herds was investigated on peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) with or without previous treatment followed by a capture ELISA (cELISA). Using the combination of PHA and polycation treatment, PBL from 229 seropositive cattle were studied and could be classified in four different states of BVDV infection. Lysed PBL from four animals were directly positive in cELISA (Category I), PBL of 17 animals were positive after PHA stimulation (Category II), 15 animals were positive only after PHA stimulation plus polycation treatment (Category III), while virus could not be detected in 193 seropositive cattle. Wild-type BVDV strains were isolated by co-culture on polycation-treated MDBK cells from 11 of these seropositive animals. BVDV antibodies of these same animals were able to neutralize their own virus, indicating that virus persists in PBL in spite of strain-specific antibodies. No apparent change of leukocyte subpopulations could be detected in any category of virus-positive animals. Thus, BVDV may be present in the PBL of some cattle, even in the presence of a specific active immune response.

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This article was published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 72, L.M. Gogorzaa, P.E. Morána, J.L. Larghia, R. Seguía, C. Lissarraguea, M. Saraccob, M. Braunb  and E.N. Estebana, Detection of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in seropositive cattle, 49-54, Copyright Elsevier 2005.