Monoclonal antibodies reactive to the bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) protein gp53 were produced and characterized. These antibodies and our panel of anti-p80/125 monoclonal antibodies were tested for their cross-reactivity with 11 different North American and European (Danish) BVDV strains and isolates including viruses of both cytopathic and noncytopathic biotypes. The four anti-gp53 monoclonal antibodies were neutralizing for the homologous Danish cytopathic isolate and cross-reacted with all BVDV strains examined except for the Draper strain. Further, anti-gp53 monoclonal antibodies neutralized the majority of BVDV strains examined. The anti-p80/125 monoclonal antibodies cross-reacted with all eleven strains and isolates tested. This indicated that various strains of BVDV have common epitopes. The broad cross-reactivities demonstrated by these monoclonal antibodies suggest that a pool of these antibodies may be used for detection of BVDV cellular contamination or for virus isolation, in place of polyclonal antiserum.
Deregt D, Masri SA, Cho HJ, and Bielefeldt Ohmann H. Can J Vet Res. 1990 June; 54(3): 343–348.