Prevalence and characterization of bovine viral diarrhea virus in the white-tailed deer population in Indiana

Brief Communications

Correspondence: 1Corresponding Author: Roman M. Pogranichniy, Purdue University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Comparative Pathobiology, Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, 406 South University Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, e-mail:

Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) is one of the economically important diseases of cattle. For many years, different types of vaccines have been commercially available, yet this disease is hard to control in high-density population areas. Detection and isolation of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) from any potential reservoir is vital, especially when considering virus eradication from a herd or locale. One potential source is wild ruminants. Ear notches and lymph nodes were collected from the wild population of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) during deer hunting season in Indiana and tested for BVDV with a commercial BVD antigen capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Two samples out of 745 collected samples were positive, and subsequently cp and ncp BVDV was isolated from 1 ear notch and 1 lymph node. These isolates were genotyped as type 1a and 1b based on sequence analysis of the 5′ untranslated region (UTR). The results of the present study indicate that the prevalence of BVDV in the white-tailed deer population of Indiana is about 0.3%. Wild ruminants infected with BVDV should be taken into consideration during an eradication program of BVDV from the livestock population.

Key Words: Bovine viral diarrhea • Odocoileus virginianus • viral infection • white-tailed deer



Pogranichniy RM1, Raizman E, Thacker HL, Stevenson GW: J Vet Diagn Invest 20: 71-74, 2008.