Prevalence of bovine viral diarrhea virus genotypes and antibody against those viral genotypes in fetal bovine serum


Enteric Diseases and Food Safety Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Ames, IA 50010, USA.

One thousand lots of pooled fetal bovine serum (FBS) were tested for contamination with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and/or for contamination with neutralizing antibody against BVDV. Noncytopathic or cytopathic BVDV was isolated from 203 lots of FBS. Analysis of the viral isolates identified 115 type 1 and 65 type 2 BVDV isolates. An additional 23 virus isolates were mixtures of > or = 2 BVDV isolates and were not classified to viral genotype. Further characterization of the type 1 viruses identified 51 subgenotype 1a and 64 subgenotype 1b BVDV isolates. Viral neutralizing antibody was detected in 113 lots of FBS. Differential viral neutralization indicated that type 1 BVDV induced the antibody detected in 48 lots of FBS and type 2 BVDV induced the antibody detected in 16 lots of FBS.


Bolin SR, Ridpath JF: J Vet Diagn Invest 10: 135-139, 1998.